What is Solution Focused Brief Therapy?
Solution focused brief therapy (SFBT), often referred to as simply ‘solution focused therapy’ or ‘brief therapy’, is a type of talking therapy that helps people change by constructing solutions rather than dwelling on problems. It focuses on what clients want to achieve through therapy rather than on the problem(s) that made them seek help. The approach does not focus on the past, but instead, focuses on the present and future. Solution focused therapists believe that change is constant. By helping people identify the things that they wish to have change in their life and also to attend to those things that are currently happening that they wish to continue happening, SFBT therapists help their clients to construct a concrete vision of a preferred future for themselves. The client learns to build on these elements, which form the basis for ongoing change. Rather than searching for the causes of the problem, the focus is on defining the changes and making them a reality. Creating a detailed picture of what it will be like when life is better creates a feeling of hope, and this makes the solution seem possible.
Why SFBT Is Usually Short-Term?
SFBT therapists don’t set out to artificially limit the number of sessions. A good brief therapist will not focus on limiting sessions or time, but rather on helping clients set goals and develop strategies to reach those goals. Focusing on the client’s goals and the concrete steps needed to achieve them usually takes less time than traditional therapy, in which the client typically spends many sessions talking about the past and explores reasons and feelings. SFBT therapists aim to provide clients with the most effective treatment in the most efficient way possible so that clients can achieve their goals and get on with their lives. As a result of this focus, the counseling process often requires fewer sessions. Types of Problems That SFBT Addresses? Solution-Focused Brief Therapy is an effective way of helping people solve many kinds of problems, including depression, substance abuse, eating disorders, relationship problems, and many other kinds of issues. Since it focuses on the process of change rather than on dissecting the problem, more serious issues do not necessarily require different treatment. The SFBT therapist’s job is to help clients transform troubling issues into specific goals and an action plan for achieving them.
A Solution Focused Therapist is likely to do the following:
Instead of going over past events and focusing on problems, the therapist helps you envision your future without today’s problems.
During the course of therapy, the therapist helps you discover solutions.
The therapist encourages you to identify and do more of what is already working.
The therapist guides you to identify what doesn’t work and to focus on doing less of it.
The emphasis is on the future, not the past.
SFBT therapists believe that the client is the best expert about what it takes to change his or her life.
The therapist’s role is to help you identify solutions that will remove the barriers to having the life you want.